Common Abbreviations

This list contains 1 and 2 letter abbreviations, together with 3 letter ones which do not simply ‘translate’ from the initial letters of three words (so BDS for ‘Barbados’ is included but IMF for ‘International Monetary Fund’ is not).┬áMore obscure abbreviations, only likely to be found in barred puzzles,┬ácan be found on the All Abbreviations page.

Text in cluePossible Abbreviations  
5V
10X
50L
100C
500D
1000KM
aboutACCA
absentAABS
absoluteAABS
accelerationA
acceptedA
accountAC
aceA
acreA
acresA
actingA
activeA
adjectiveA
adultA
advanceA
advancedA
advantageAD
after deathPM
after noonPM
afternoonA
againstCONVVS
air-conditionedAC
air-conditioningAC
AlabamaALALA
AlaskaAK
AlbaniaAL
AlbertaAB
Alcoholics AnonymousAA
AlgeriaDZ
aliasAKA
all rightOK
alternating currentAC
aluminiumAL
amateurAAM
ambassadorHE
AmericaAAMUS
AmericanAAMUS
American shipUSS
ampereAMP
amplifierAMP
AngolaAN
anonymousA
answerAANS
anti-aircraftAA
antimonySB
apppeal for helpSOS
AprilAPR
ArabAR
areA
areaA
ArgentinaRA
argonAR
ArizonaAZE
ArkansasARARK
arsenicAS
artistRA
associateA
astatineAT
AugustAUG
AuntieBBC
AustraliaAAUS
AustralianA
AustriaA
Automobile AssociationAA
avenueAVAVE
AzerbaijanAZE
bachelorB
Bachelor of ArtsBA
Bachelor of MedicineMB
Bachelor of ScienceBSC
bad smellBO
BahamasBS
BahrainBRN
BangladeshBD
BarbadosBDS
barrelB
bariumBA
BaronB
barrelsB
Basque separatistsETA
bassB
before noonAM
BelarusBY
BelgiumB
BelizeBH
BeninDY
berylliumBE
billionB
bishopB
bismuthBI
blackB
black and whiteBW
blood pressureBP
body odourBO
BoliviaBOL
bookB
booksNTOT
bornB
boronB
BotswanaRB
bowledB
boxTV
BrazilBR
breadthB
bridgeBR
BritainBBR
BritishBBR
British AirwaysBA
British TelecomBT
bromineBR
brotherBRO
brownBR
BruneiBRU
BulgariaBG
Burkina FasoBF
BurundiRU
cadmiumCD
caesiumCS
calciumCA
CaliforniaCACAL
calorieCAL
CambodiaK
CanadaCDN
capeC
capitalCAP
carbonC
carbon copiesCC
carbon copyCC
care ofCO
carriage returnCR
carried forwardCF
cash machineATM
CatholicC
caughtC
caught byC
centC
centilitreCL
centimetresCM
Central African RepublicRCA
Central AmericaCA
central heatingCH
centsC
centuryC
ChadTCH
Channel IslandsCI
chapterCCH
Chartered AccountantCA
checkCH
childCH
childrenCH
ChileRCH
chlorineCL
chromiumCR
churchCECH
Church of EnglandCE
Civil ServiceCS
closeCLO
clubsC
cobaltCO
cocaineC
coldC
ColombiaCO
colonelCOL
ColoradoCOCOL
columnCOL
Commanding OfficerCO
compact discCD
Companion of HonourCH
companyCO
compareCF
computerPC
ConnecticutCT
ConservativeCCON
copperCU
Costa RicaCR
countyCO
courtCT
credit noteCN
credtCR
Cricket ClubCC
CroatiaHR
CubaC
cubic centimetreCC
curiumCM
currentACDCI
curriculum vitaeCV
CyprusCY
Czech RepublicCZ
dateD
daughterD
dayD
deadD
DecemberDEC
decibelDB
decibelsDB
decorationVC
DelawareDEDEL
DemocratD
DemocraticD
DenmarkDK
densityD
Detective InspectorDI
detectivesCID
diameterD
diamondsD
dictionaryOED
diedD
dinner jacketDJ
direct currentDC
direct debitDD
Director-GeneralDG
discCD
disc jockeyDJ
District AttorneyDA
doctorDRGPMD/MO
Doctor of DivinityDD
Doctor of MedicineMD
Doctor of PhilosophyPHD
DomincaWD
driveDR
dryTT
dukeD
EarlE
EastE
EasternE
EcstasyE
EcuadorEC
editionED
editorED
effectsFX
EgyptET
El SalvadorES
electronicE
emergency roomER
energyE
EnglandENG
EnglishE
EnglishENG
epistleEP
escapeESC
escape keyESC
establishedEST
EstoniaEST
EthiopiaETH
EuropeEUR
EuropeanEEUR
European CommunityEC
European UnionEU
explosiveHETNT
extra largeXL
extrasensory perceptionESP
extraterrestrialET
FahrenheitF
Faroe IslandsFO
fatherFR
FebruaryFEB
feetFT
fellowF
femaleF
feminineF
fiftyL
figureFIG
FijiFJI
Financial TimesFT
fineAOKFOK
FinlandFIN
first-classA1
fiveV
FloridaFAFLFLA
fluorineF
followingF
footFT
Football AssociationFA
football clubFC
for exampleEG
forceF
forteF
fortissimoFF
francF
FranceFFR
francsF
freeFOC
FrenchFR
frequencyF
frequentlyFR
FridayFRI
furlongF
furlongsF
GabonG
galliumGA
gameRLRU
General ElectricGE
General PractitionerGP
genetically modifiedGM
GeorgeGEO
GeorgiaGAGE
GermanGGER
germaniumGE
GermanyDGER
GhanaGH
gigabyteGB
goodG
graduateBABSC
gramGGM
gramsGGM
Grand PrixGP
gravityG
greatGT
Great BritainGB
GreeceGR
GreekGKGR
GrenadaWG
greyGR
GuineaRG
gunnersRA
gymPEPT
HaitiRH
hardH
HawaiiHI
headquartersHQ
heartsH
heightHT
heliumHE
Her MajestyHM
heroinH
High ExplosiveHE
high-speed trainHST
hire purchaseHP
His ExcellencyHE
His MajestyHM
HondurasHN
Hong KongHK
honourCBEMBEOBE
horsepowerHP
hospitalH
hospital departmentENT
hotH
hourHHR
houseHO
House of ParliamentHP
human resourcesHR
hundredweightCWT
HungaryH
hydrogenH
IcelandIS
IdahoIDIDA
identificationID
identityID
IllinoisILILL
in chargeIC
in the afternoonPM
in the morningAM
inchIN
inchesININS
includingINC
inclusiveINC
incorporatedINC
independentIIND
IndiaIND
IndianaININD
indiumIN
IndonesiaRI
infinitiveINF
information systemsIS
Information TechnologyIT
infraredIR
intelligence quotientIQ
internationalI
iodineI
IowaIA
IranIR
IrelandIR
iridiumIR
IrishIR
ironFE
islandI
IsraelIL
itSA
ItalianIT
ItalyI
Ivory CoastCI
jackABJ
jam makersWI
JamaicaJA
JamesJAS
JanuaryJAN
JapanJ
JudgeJ
JulyJUL
JuneJUN
juniorJRJUN
Justice of the PeaceJP
KansasKS
KentuckyKENKY
kilobyteKKB
kilobytesKKB
kilogramKG
kilogramsKG
kilometreK
kilometresK
kingKR
kissX
knightKKTN
Knight of the GarterKG
knock outKO
knockoutKO
kryptonKR
Kuala LumpurKL
LabourLAB
lakeL
laneLA
LaosLAO
largeL
LatinL
LatviaLV
leadPB
learnerL
LebanonRL
leftL
lengthL
LesothoLS
letterEP
LiberalLLIB
LiberiaLB
LibyaLAR
LiechtensteinFL
limitedLTD
lineL
linesLL
literaryLIT
literatureLIT
lithiumLI
LithuaniaLT
long waveLW
Los AngelesLA
loudF
LouisianaLA
lower caseLC
luncheon voucherLV
LuxembourgL
MacedoniaMK
MadagascarRM
magnesiumMG
maidenM
MaineME
MalawiMW
MalaysiaMAL
maleM
MaltaM
ManIOM
Managing DirectorMD
manganeseMN
ManitobaMB
manuscriptMS
manuscriptsMSS
MarchMAR
marriedM
MarylandMD
masculineM
massM
MassachusettsMA
Master of ArtsMA
master of ceremoniesMC
Master of ScienceMSC
MauritaniaRIM
MauritiusMS
Medical OfficerMO
mediumMMED
megabyteMB
Member of ParliamentMP
menOR
mercuryHG
metreM
metresM
MexicoMEX
MichiganMI
Middle EastME
middle-of-the-roadMOR
mileM
milesM
Military CrossMC
Military PoliceMP
millimetreMM
millimetresMM
millionM
millionsM
millisecondMS
MinnesotaMN
minuteM
minutesM
MississippiMS
MissouriMO
modus operandiMO
MoldovaMD
molybdenumMO
MonacoMC
MondayMON
MongoliaMGL
MontanaMT
monthM
monthsM
MoroccoMA
MotorwayM
MozambiqueMOC
MyanmarMYA
nameN
namelySCVIZ
NamibiaNAM
National FrontNF
National InsuranceNI
National TheatreNT
National TrustNT
navyN
nearNR
NebraskaNE
NebraskaNEB
neonNE
NepalNEP
NetherlandsNL
Netherlands AntillesNA
NevadaNEVNV
newN
New BrunswickNB
New HampshireNH
New JerseyNJ
New MexicoNM
New TestamentNT
New YorkNY
New ZealandNZ
NewfoundlandNF
News channelCNN
newspapermanED
newspaperwomanED
NicaraguaNIC
nickelNI
NigerRN
NigeriaNGR
niobiumNB
nitrogenN
no goodNG
no trumpsNT
no-ballNB
noonMN
NorthN
North AmericaNA
North CarolinaNC
North DakotaND
north-eastNE
north-easternNE
NorthernN
Northern IslandNI
north-westNW
north-westernNW
NorwayN
not applicableNA
not availableNA
not outNO
noteNNB
nothing at allFA
nounN
NovemberNOV
numberNNO
numbersNOS
observationOBS
occupational therapyOT
OctoberOCT
oddsSP
OhioOOH
oil companyBP
OklahomaOK
oldO
old boyOB
old rail operatorBR
Old TestamentOT
oneI
one hundredC
one thousandKM
Open UniversityOU
operating systemOS
opusOP
ordinaryO
Ordnance SurveyOS
OregonOR
osmiumOS
ounceOZ
out of boundsOB
outside broadcastOB
outsizeOS
overdoseOD
overdraftOD
overdrawnOD
over-the-topOTT
Oxford UniversityOU
oxygenO
pageP
pagesPP
PakistanPK
palladiumPD
PanamaPA
Papua New GuineaPNG
ParaguayPY
Parental GuidancePG
parkingP
partPT
pawnP
peacekeepersUN
penceDP
PennsylvaniaPA
pennyDP
pensionerOAP
per annumPA
per centPC
per weekPW
personal assistantPA
personal computerPC
PeruPE
PhilippinesRP
phosphorusP
physical educationPE
physical trainingPT
pianissimoPP
pianoP
pintPT
pintsPT
platinumPT
plutoniumPU
pointPT
PolandPL
Police ConstablePC
policemanDIPC
policewomanDIPCWPC
political correctnessPC
politically correctPC
PortugalP
post mortemPM
Post OfficePO
Postal OrderPO
postcardPC
postscriptPS
potassiumK
poundLLB
powerP
pressureP
priestP
Prime MinisterPM
princePPR
Private InvestigatorPI
proportional representationPR
public addressPA
public relationsPR
pyjamasPJS
QatarQ
quality assuranceQA
the QueenER
queenQQUR
Queen ElizabethER
Queen VictoriaVR
questionQ
quietP
racesTT
radiumRA
radonRN
recipeRREC
recordEPLP
religious educationRE
religious instructionRI
resistanceR
resumeCV
reverendREV
rheniumRE
Rhode IslandRI
rhodiumRH
rightRRT
right-handRH
riot gasCS
riverR
roadRD
RollerRR
Rolls RoyceRR
Roman CatholicRC
RomaniaRO
rookR
roomRM
Royal AcademicianRA
Royal AcademyRA
Royal ArtilleryRA
Royal EngineersRE
Royal MarinesRM
Royal NavyRN
rubidiumRB
Rugby LeagueRL
Rugby UnionRU
runR
runsR
RussiaRUS
rutheniumRU
sailorAB
saintSST
good manST
saintsSS
sandwichBLT
sappersRE
SaturdaySAT
Saudi ArabiaSA
scandiumSC
schoolSCH
scienceSCI
science fictionSF
secondS
secondsS
secretarySEC
secretaryPA
seeV
seleniumSE
self-cateringSC
self-containedSC
SenegalSN
seniorSENSR
senior serviceRN
SeptemberSEP
sex appealSA
SeychellesSY
shillingS
shipSS
short waveSW
Sierra LeoneWAL
siliconSI
silverAG
SingaporeSGP
sixth senseESP
SlovakiaSK
SloveniaSLO
smallS
small volumeCCCLML
societySSOC
sodiumNA
SomaliaSO
sonS
sonsS
SouthS
South AfricaSAZA
South CarolinaSC
South DakotaSD
south-eastSE
south-easternSE
SouthernS
south-westSW
south-westernSW
spadesS
SpainE
specialSSP
spellingSP
spiesCIA
squareSSQ
Sri LankaCL
St LuciaWL
standardSTD
starting priceSP
stationSTA
steamshipSS
stiff examinationPM
stoneST
stopping aidABS
streetST
strontiumSR
SudanSUD
suitable for everyoneU
sulphurS
sunS
SundaySUN
SwazilandSD
SwedenS
SwitzerlandCH
SyriaSYR
TaiwanRC
takeRREC
tantalumTA
tarAB
taxVAT
teetotalTT
teetotallerTT
Telecoms companyBT
televisonTV
telluriumTE
temperatureT
tenX
TennesseeTN
terraceTER
Territorial ArmyTA
TexasTX
ThailandT
thalliumTL
that isIE
The ProvinceNI
ThursdayTHU
timeT
tinSN
titaniumTI
TogoTG
toiletWC
tonT
tonsT
too muchOTT
Tourist TrophyTT
transvestiteTV
Trinidad and TobagoTT
TuesdayTUE
tungstenW
TunisiaTN
TurkeyTR
UkraineUA
ultravioletUV
unitedU
United Arab EmiratesUAE
United KingdomUK
United NationsUN
United StatesUS
universalU
universityU
unserviceableUS
uraniumU
UruguayROU
US soldierGI
UtahUT
vanadiumV
variableXYZ
Vatican CityV
velocityV
VenezuelaYV
VermontVT
versusVVS
veryV
very largeOS
very loudFF
very quietPP
Victoria CrossVC
VietnamVN
VirginiaVA
virual realityVR
VolkswagenVW
voltV
volumeV
volunteersTA
voteX
walkoverWO
WashingtonWA
weekWWK
weightW
WestW
West IndiesWI
West VirginiaWVWVA
WesternW
Western AustraliaWA
Western SamoaWS
wicketW
wideW
widthW
wifeW
WilliamWM
WisconsinWIWIS
withW
womenW
women'sW
Women's InstituteWI
word processorWP
workOP
wrong markX
WyomingWY
xenonXE
yardYYD
yardsYDS
yearYYR
yearsYRS
YemenYAR
yourYR
yoursYRS
YugoslaviaYU
ZambiaZ
ZimbabweZW
zincZN
zirconiumZR