*Containment *and* insertion* indicators tell the solver to put one piece of text inside another. Containment involves X surrounding Y (result = Y inside X), as in ‘Irish playwright holds party’ for SHAW contains DO = SHADOW; insertion means X being put into Y (result = X inside Y), as in ‘worker entering annexe’ for ANT inserted into WING = WANTING. In general, any term which suggests something being contained by something else is likely to be acceptable, although setters should avoid ones which are normally used only in a restricted context (eg ‘punches’, which relates specifically to piercing using a tool). Where the indicator is a verb, other forms are possible, such as the infinitive (eg ‘naughty to embrace king’ for BAD contains R = BARD). Note that a few verbs, such as ‘assume’ and ‘inspire’ can be used (in advanced crosswords) to indicate either containment *or* insertion (‘He inspired the fresh air’ / ‘He was inspired with ambition’). Setters should be careful when using certain past participles with ‘by’ – for instance, ‘Mary imprisoned by Elizabeth’ doesn’t imply imprisonment within Elizabeth.

Indicator | Alternative form(s) | Variety | Type |
---|---|---|---|

aboard | Insertion | Standard | |

about | Containment | Standard | |

absorbed by | Insertion | Standard | |

absorbing | absorbs | Containment | Standard |

accepted by | Insertion | Standard | |

accepting | accepts | Containment | Standard |

accommodated by | Insertion | Standard | |

accommodating | accommodates | Containment | Standard |

admitted by | Insertion | Standard | |

admitting | admits | Containment | Standard |

adopted by | Insertion | Standard | |

adopting | adopts | Containment | Standard |

ambient | Insertion | Advanced | |

amid | amidst | Insertion | Standard |

among | Insertion | Standard | |

apprehended by | Insertion | Standard | |

apprehending | apprehends | Containment | Standard |

around | Containment | Standard | |

arrested by | Insertion | Standard | |

arresting | arrests | Containment | Standard |

assuming | assumes/assumed by | Containment | Advanced |

assuming | assumes/assumed by | Insertion | Advanced |

bagged by | Insertion | Standard | |

bagging | bags | Containment | Standard |

bailing | bails | Containment | Advanced |

bathed in | Insertion | Standard | |

bathing | bathes | Containment | Standard |

bearing | bears | Containment | Standard |

bedded | Insertion | Advanced | |

bedded in | Insertion | Standard | |

bedding | beds | Containment | Advanced |

beset by | beset with | Insertion | Standard |

besetting | besets | Containment | Standard |

besieged by | Insertion | Standard | |

besieging | besieges | Containment | Standard |

biting | bites | Containment | Standard |

bitten by | Insertion | Standard | |

blankets | Containment | Standard | |

boarded by | Containment | Standard | |

boarding | boards | Insertion | Standard |

bones | Containment | Advanced | |

bored by | Containment | Standard | |

boring | bores | Insertion | Standard |

borne by | Insertion | Standard | |

bottled by | Insertion | Standard | |

bottling | bottles | Containment | Standard |

bounded by | Insertion | Standard | |

bounding | bounds | Containment | Standard |

boxed by | Insertion | Standard | |

boxing | boxes | Containment | Standard |

bracketed by | Insertion | Standard | |

bracketing | brackets | Containment | Standard |

breaking | breaks | Insertion | Advanced |

broken by | Containment | Advanced | |

bunged by | Containment | Standard | |

bunging | bungs | Insertion | Standard |

buried in | Insertion | Standard | |

burying | buries | Containment | Standard |

canned by | Insertion | Standard | |

cans | Containment | Standard | |

captured by | Insertion | Standard | |

capturing | captures | Containment | Standard |

carried by | Insertion | Standard | |

carrying | carries | Containment | Standard |

cased by | Insertion | Standard | |

casing | cases | Containment | Standard |

catching | catches | Containment | Standard |

caught by | caught in | Insertion | Standard |

chaps | Insertion | Advanced | |

charged with | Containment | Standard | |

charging | charges | Insertion | Standard |

checked by | Insertion | Standard | |

checking | checks | Containment | Standard |

choked by | Insertion | Standard | |

choking | chokes | Containment | Standard |

circled by | Insertion | Standard | |

circling | circles | Containment | Standard |

circumvented by | Insertion | Standard | |

circumventing | circumvents | Containment | Standard |

clasped by | Insertion | Standard | |

clasping | clasps | Containment | Standard |

clenched in | Insertion | Standard | |

clenching | clenches | Containment | Standard |

clings to | clinging to | Containment | Standard |

clipped by | Insertion | Standard | |

clipping | clips | Containment | Standard |

closed by | Insertion | Standard | |

closing in | closes in | Containment | Standard |

clothed by | clothed in | Insertion | Standard |

clothing | clothes | Containment | Standard |

clutched by | Insertion | Standard | |

clutching | clutches | Containment | Standard |

collared by | Insertion | Standard | |

collaring | collars | Containment | Standard |

compasses | Containment | Advanced | |

comprehended by | Insertion | Advanced | |

comprehending | comprehends | Containment | Advanced |

compressed in | Insertion | Standard | |

compressing | compresses | Containment | Standard |

comprised by | Insertion | Standard | |

comprising | comprises | Containment | Advanced |

confined in | Insertion | Standard | |

confining | confines | Containment | Standard |

conserved by | Insertion | Standard | |

conserving | conserves | Containment | Standard |

constrained by | Insertion | Standard | |

constraining | constrains | Containment | Standard |

consumed by | Insertion | Standard | |

consuming | consumes | Containment | Standard |

contained by | contained in | Insertion | Standard |

containing | contains | Containment | Standard |

covered by | covered in | Insertion | Standard |

covering | covers | Containment | Standard |

cracked by | Containment | Advanced | |

cracking | cracks | Insertion | Advanced |

cramped by | Insertion | Standard | |

cramping | cramps | Containment | Standard |

crashed by | gatecrashed by | Containment | Standard |

crashes | gatecrashes | Insertion | Advanced |

cribbed by | Insertion | Advanced | |

cribbing | cribs | Containment | Advanced |

crossed by | Insertion | Advanced | |

crossing | crosses | Containment | Advanced |

crowding | crowds | Containment | Advanced |

crushed by | Insertion | Standard | |

crushing | crushes | Containment | Standard |

cuddled by | Insertion | Standard | |

cuddling | cuddles | Containment | Standard |

cups | Containment | Advanced | |

curbed by | Insertion | Standard | |

curbing | curbs | Containment | Standard |

cutting | cuts | Insertion | Standard |

detained by | Insertion | Standard | |

detaining | detains | Containment | Standard |

devoured by | Insertion | Standard | |

devouring | devours | Containment | Standard |

digested by | Insertion | Standard | |

digesting | digests | Containment | Standard |

divided by | Containment | Standard | |

dividing | divides | Insertion | Standard |

dons | Insertion | Standard | |

drawing in | draws in | Containment | Standard |

drawn in by | Insertion | Standard | |

drilled by | Containment | Standard | |

drilling | drills | Insertion | Standard |

drinking | drinks | Containment | Standard |

drunk | Insertion | Standard | |

eaten by | Insertion | Standard | |

eating | eats | Containment | Standard |

edged by | Insertion | Standard | |

edging | edges | Containment | Standard |

embedded in | Insertion | Standard | |

embedding | embeds | Containment | Advanced |

embodied by | Insertion | Standard | |

embodying | embodies | Containment | Standard |

embraced by | Insertion | Standard | |

embracing | embraces | Containment | Standard |

encapsulated by | Insertion | Standard | |

encapsulating | encapsulates | Containment | Standard |

encircled by | Insertion | Standard | |

encircling | encircles | Containment | Standard |

enclosed by | enclosed in | Insertion | Standard |

enclosing | encloses | Containment | Standard |

encompassed by | Insertion | Standard | |

encompassing | encompasses | Containment | Standard |

enfolded by | enfolded in | Insertion | Standard |

enfolding | enfolds | Containment | Standard |

engaged in | Insertion | Standard | |

engulfed by | Insertion | Standard | |

engulfing | engulfs | Containment | Standard |

ensnared in | Insertion | Standard | |

ensnaring | ensnares | Containment | Standard |

entered by | Containment | Standard | |

entering | enters | Insertion | Standard |

entertained by | Insertion | Standard | |

entertaining | entertains | Containment | Standard |

enthralled by | Insertion | Standard | |

enthralling | enthralls | Containment | Standard |

enveloped by | Insertion | Standard | |

enveloping | envelops | Containment | Standard |

environs | Containment | Advanced | |

externally | Containment | Standard | |

extra | Containment | Advanced | |

fed to | Insertion | Standard | |

fenced by | Insertion | Standard | |

fencing | fences | Containment | Standard |

filled with | filled by | Containment | Standard |

filling | fills | Insertion | Standard |

flanked by | Insertion | Standard | |

flanking | flanks | Containment | Standard |

folded in | Insertion | Advanced | |

folding | folds | Containment | Advanced |

found in | Insertion | Standard | |

framed by | Insertion | Standard | |

framing | frames | Containment | Standard |

getting around | getting about | Containment | Standard |

getting hold of | gets hold of | Containment | Standard |

getting into | gets into | Insertion | Standard |

gobbled by | Insertion | Standard | |

gobbling | gobbles | Containment | Standard |

going around | going about | Containment | Standard |

going into | goes into | Insertion | Standard |

grabbed by | Insertion | Standard | |

grabbing | grabs | Containment | Standard |

grasped by | Insertion | Standard | |

grasping | grasps | Containment | Standard |

griping | gripes | Containment | Advanced |

gripped by | Insertion | Standard | |

gripping | grips | Containment | Standard |

guarded by | Insertion | Standard | |

guarding | guards | Containment | Standard |

gulped by | Insertion | Standard | |

gulping | gulps | Containment | Standard |

harboured by | Insertion | Standard | |

harbouring | harbours | Containment | Standard |

hedged by | Insertion | Standard | |

hedging | hedges | Containment | Advanced |

held by | held in | Insertion | Standard |

hemming | hems | Containment | Standard |

hidden by | hiding in | Insertion | Standard |

hiding | hides | Containment | Standard |

holding | holds | Containment | Standard |

hosted by | Insertion | Standard | |

hosting | hosts | Containment | Standard |

housed in | Insertion | Standard | |

housing | houses | Containment | Standard |

hugged by | Insertion | Standard | |

hugging | hugs | Containment | Standard |

implicated by | Insertion | Advanced | |

implicating | implicates | Containment | Advanced |

imprisoned in | Insertion | Standard | |

imprisoning | imprisons | Containment | Standard |

in | inside | Insertion | Standard |

included in | Insertion | Standard | |

including | includes | Containment | Standard |

incorporated in | Insertion | Standard | |

incorporating | incorporates | Containment | Standard |

infiltrated by | Containment | Standard | |

infiltrating | infiltrates | Insertion | Standard |

inhabited by | Containment | Standard | |

inhabiting | inhabits | Insertion | Standard |

inhibited by | Insertion | Standard | |

inhibiting | inhibits | Containment | Standard |

injected with | Containment | Standard | |

Inspired by | inspiring/inspires | Insertion | Standard |

inspired with | inspired by | Containment | Advanced |

inspiring | inspires | Containment | Advanced |

installed in | Insertion | Standard | |

installing | installs | Containment | Standard |

interred in | Insertion | Standard | |

interrupted by | Containment | Standard | |

interrupting | interrupts | Insertion | Standard |

intervening | Insertion | Standard | |

introduced by | introduced to | Insertion | Standard |

introducing | introduces | Containment | Standard |

invested with | Insertion | Standard | |

investing | invests | Containment | Advanced |

involved in | Insertion | Standard | |

involving | involves | Containment | Standard |

jammed by | Insertion | Advanced | |

jammed with | Containment | Standard | |

jamming | jams | Containment | Advanced |

jamming | jams | Insertion | Standard |

keeping | keeps | Containment | Standard |

kept by | kept in | Insertion | Standard |

lagging | lags | Containment | Advanced |

lapping | laps | Containment | Advanced |

limited by | Insertion | Standard | |

limiting | limits | Containment | Standard |

lined with | Containment | Standard | |

lining | lines | Insertion | Standard |

lips | Containment | Advanced | |

listing | lists | Containment | Advanced |

listed | Insertion | Advanced | |

locked by | Insertion | Advanced | |

locking | locks | Containment | Advanced |

nabbed by | Insertion | Standard | |

nabbing | nabs | Containment | Standard |

nailed by | Insertion | Standard | |

nailing | nails | Containment | Standard |

netted by | Insertion | Standard | |

netting | nets | Containment | Standard |

nicked by | Insertion | Standard | |

nicking | nicks | Containment | Standard |

nipped by | Insertion | Standard | |

nipping | nips | Containment | Standard |

nobbled by | Insertion | Standard | |

nobbling | nobbles | Containment | Standard |

nursed by | Insertion | Standard | |

nursing | nurses | Containment | Standard |

occupied by | Containment | Standard | |

occupying | occupies | Insertion | Standard |

outside | Containment | Standard | |

overwhelmed by | Insertion | Standard | |

overwhelming | overwhelms | Containment | Standard |

packed with | Insertion | Standard | |

packing | packs | Containment | Standard |

parted by | Containment | Standard | |

parting | parts | Insertion | Standard |

patrolled by | Insertion | Standard | |

patrolling | patrols | Containment | Standard |

penetrated by | Containment | Standard | |

penetrating | penetrates | Insertion | Standard |

penned by | Insertion | Standard | |

penning | pens | Containment | Standard |

perambulating | perambulates | Containment | Advanced |

picked up by | Insertion | Standard | |

picking up | Containment | Standard | |

pierced by | Containment | Standard | |

piercing | pierces | Insertion | Standard |

pinched by | Insertion | Standard | |

pinching | pinches | Containment | Standard |

pinned in | Insertion | Standard | |

pinning | pins | Containment | Advanced |

plugged by | Containment | Standard | |

plugging | plugs | Insertion | Standard |

pocketed by | Insertion | Standard | |

pocketing | pockets | Containment | Standard |

popped by | Insertion | Advanced | |

popping | pops | Containment | Advanced |

possessed by | Insertion | Standard | |

possessing | possesses | Containment | Standard |

pounded by | Insertion | Advanced | |

pounding | pounds | Containment | Advanced |

pressed by | Insertion | Standard | |

pressing | presses | Containment | Standard |

prisons | Containment | Advanced | |

probed by | Containment | Standard | |

probing | probes | Insertion | Standard |

protected by | Insertion | Standard | |

protecting | protects | Containment | Standard |

pulled by | Insertion | Advanced | |

pulling | pulls | Containment | Advanced |

pursed by | Insertion | Advanced | |

pursing | purses | Containment | Standard |

put about | put round | Containment | Standard |

put in | put into | Insertion | Standard |

received by | Insertion | Standard | |

receiving | receives | Containment | Standard |

repressed by | Insertion | Standard | |

repressing | represses | Containment | Standard |

restrained by | Insertion | Standard | |

restraining | restrains | Containment | Standard |

restricted by | Insertion | Standard | |

restricting | restricts | Containment | Standard |

retained by | Insertion | Standard | |

retaining | retains | Containment | Standard |

ringing | rings | Containment | Standard |

round | Containment | Standard | |

rounded by | Insertion | Standard | |

rounding | rounds | Containment | Standard |

sandwiched by | Insertion | Standard | |

sandwiches | Containment | Standard | |

screened by | Insertion | Standard | |

screening | screens | Containment | Standard |

sealed by | Insertion | Advanced | |

sealing | seals | Containment | Advanced |

secured by | Insertion | Standard | |

securing | secures | Containment | Standard |

seized by | Insertion | Standard | |

seizing | seizes | Containment | Standard |

set about | Containment | Standard | |

set in | Insertion | Standard | |

shared by | Containment | Advanced | |

sharing | shares | Insertion | Advanced |

sheltered by | Insertion | Standard | |

sheltering | shelters | Containment | Standard |

shrouded by | Insertion | Standard | |

shrouding | shrouds | Containment | Standard |

skirted by | Insertion | Standard | |

skirting | skirts | Containment | Standard |

slipped into | Insertion | Standard | |

smothered by | Insertion | Standard | |

smothering | smothers | Containment | Standard |

smuggled by | Insertion | Advanced | |

smuggling | smuggles | Containment | Advanced |

snared by | Insertion | Standard | |

snaring | snares | Containment | Standard |

snuggling | snuggles | Containment | Standard |

splitting | splits | Insertion | Standard |

spread by | Containment | Advanced | |

spreading | spreads | Insertion | Advanced |

squashed by | Insertion | Standard | |

squashing | squashes | Containment | Standard |

squeezed by | Insertion | Standard | |

squeezing | squeezes | Containment | Standard |

stalled by | Insertion | Advanced | |

stalling | stalls | Containment | Advanced |

sticking | sticks | Insertion | Advanced |

stifled by | Insertion | Standard | |

stifling | stifles | Containment | Standard |

stopped by | Containment | Advanced | |

stopping | stops | Insertion | Advanced |

stowed in | Insertion | Standard | |

stowing | stows | Containment | Standard |

straining | strains | Containment | Advanced |

stuck with | Containment | Advanced | |

stuffed with | Containment | Standard | |

stuffing | stuffs | Insertion | Standard |

sucked by | Insertion | Advanced | |

sucking | sucks | Containment | Advanced |

suppressed by | Insertion | Standard | |

suppressing | suppresses | Containment | Standard |

surrounded by | Insertion | Standard | |

surrounding | surrounds | Containment | Standard |

swallowed by | Insertion | Standard | |

swallowing | swallows | Containment | Standard |

tackled by | Insertion | Standard | |

tackling | tackles | Containment | Standard |

taken by | Insertion | Standard | |

taking | takes | Containment | Standard |

taking in | takes in | Containment | Standard |

tapped by | Containment | Advanced | |

tapping | taps | Insertion | Advanced |

throttled by | Insertion | Standard | |

throttling | throttles | Containment | Standard |

thrown in | thrown into | Insertion | Standard |

transfixed by | Containment | Standard | |

transfixing | transfixes | Insertion | Standard |

trapped in | Insertion | Standard | |

trapping | traps | Containment | Standard |

trousers | Containment | Standard | |

tucked into | Insertion | Standard | |

undoing | undoes | Insertion | Advanced |

undone by | Containment | Advanced | |

vices | Containment | Advanced | |

wearing | wears | Insertion | Standard |

wedged in | wedges | Insertion | Standard |

wedged with | Containment | Standard | |

wedges | Containment | Advanced | |

welcomed by | Insertion | Standard | |

welcoming | welcomes | Containment | Standard |

wimples | Containment | Advanced | |

winding | winds | Containment | Advanced |

within | Insertion | Standard | |

worn by | Containment | Standard | |

wound by | Insertion | Advanced | |

wrapped in | Insertion | Standard | |

wrapping | wraps | Containment | Standard |

wreathed in | Insertion | Standard |